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PTC (PTC) Earnings Power Value (EPV) : $90.94 (As of Mar24)


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What is PTC Earnings Power Value (EPV)?

As of Mar24, PTC's earnings power value is $90.94. *

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

Margin of Safety is -102.57

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future. Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.


PTC Earnings Power Value (EPV) Historical Data

The historical data trend for PTC's Earnings Power Value (EPV) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

PTC Earnings Power Value (EPV) Chart

PTC Annual Data
Trend Sep14 Sep15 Sep16 Sep17 Sep18 Sep19 Sep20 Sep21 Sep22 Sep23
Earnings Power Value (EPV)
Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 59.95 51.07 73.67 100.93 82.88

PTC Quarterly Data
Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22 Sep22 Dec22 Mar23 Jun23 Sep23 Dec23 Mar24
Earnings Power Value (EPV) Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 107.33 113.08 82.88 81.46 90.94

Competitive Comparison of PTC's Earnings Power Value (EPV)

For the Software - Application subindustry, PTC's Earnings Power Value (EPV), along with its competitors' market caps and Earnings Power Value (EPV) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.


PTC's Earnings Power Value (EPV) Distribution in the Software Industry

For the Software industry and Technology sector, PTC's Earnings Power Value (EPV) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where PTC's Earnings Power Value (EPV) falls into.



PTC Earnings Power Value (EPV) Calculation

Earnings Power Value also known as just Earnings Power is a valuation technique popularised by Bruce Greenwald, an authority on value investing at Columbia University. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. This valuation tool excludes the potential growth that a company may have so that needs to be looked at separately. Since future growth is excluded from the analysis, only the maintenance capital expenditures are subtracted from after-tax EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and growth capex is ignored.

PTC's "Earning Power" Calculation:

Average of Last 20 Quarters Last Quarter
Revenue 1,816
DDA 122
Operating Margin % 20.33
SGA * 25% 172
Tax Rate % -133.29
Maintenance Capex 19
Cash and Cash Equivalents 249
Short-Term Debt 538
Long-Term Debt 1,652
Shares Outstanding (Diluted) 121

1. Start with "Earnings" not including accounting adjustments (one-time charges not excluded unless policy has changed). "Earnings" are "Operating Income.

2. Look at average margins over a business/Industry cycle: Average Operating Margin = 20.33%

To normalize margins and eliminate the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle, it is usually best to take a long-term average of operating margins. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since most of companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year margin.

3. Multiply average margins by sustainable revenues and then adjust for maintenance SGA. This yields "normalized" EBIT:

To be conservative, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year revenues as the sustainable revenue.
EPV analysis recognises that part of SG&A expenditure is made to maintain and replace the existing assets, while part is made to grow sales. Since EPV is only interested in what it costs a going concern to maintain its existing asset base, it adds back a percentage of SG&A (between 15% and 50% - this is a matter of judgment and industry knowledge) to make up for the fact that some of this expenditure went to fund growth and shouldn't be accounted for. To start off, we assume 25% for the sake of prudence.
Sustainable Revenue = $1,816 Mil, Average Operating Margin = 20.33%, Average Adjusted SGA = 172,
therefore "Normalized" EBIT = Sustainable Revenue * Average Operating Margin + Average Adjusted SGA = 1,816 * 20.33% +172 = $541.38115525 Mil.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate (NOPAT):

Same as average operating margin calculation, GuruFocus takes an average of the 5 years tax rates.
Average Tax Rate = -133.29%, and "Normalized" EBIT = $541.38115525 Mil,
therefore After-tax "Normalized" EBIT = "Normalized" EBIT * ( 1 - Average Tax Rate ) = 541.38115525 * ( 1 - -133.29% ) = $1262.9664418365 Mil.

5. Add back Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate). This yields "normalized" Earnings:

Excess Depreciation = Average DDA * % of Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate) = 122 * 0.5 * -133.29% = $-81.185702174 Mil.
"Normalized" Earnings = After-tax "Normalized" EBIT + Excess Depreciation = 1262.9664418365 + -81.185702174 = $1181.7807396625 Mil.

6. Adjusted for Maintenance Capital Expenditure:

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous year. If the revenue decreased from the previous year, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous year, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
Fourth, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditures as maintenance CAPEX.
PTC's Average Maintenance CAPEX = $19 Mil *.
* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

7. Investors require a return of "WACC" for the risk they are taking: WACC = 9%

8. PTC's current cash and cash equivalent = $249 Mil.
PTC's current interest bearing debt = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation = 1,652 + 538 = $2189.53 Mil.
PTC's current Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = 121 Mil.

PTC's Earnings Power Value (EPV) for Mar24 is calculated as:

EPV = ( ( Norm. Earnings-Maint. CAPEX *) / WACC + CashandEquiv - Int. Bearing Debt ) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
= ( ( 1181.7807396625 - 19)/ 9%+249-2189.53 )/121
=90.94

Margin of Safety (EPV)=( Earnings Power Value (EPV)-Current Price )/Earnings Power Value (EPV)
=( 90.94022960642-184.22 )/90.94022960642
= -102.57%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.


PTC  (NAS:PTC) Earnings Power Value (EPV) Explanation

Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.

Earnings power value (EPV) uses a very basic equation which assumes no growth, although it does rely on an assumption about the cost of capital as well as the fact that current earnings are sustainable. It also involves several adjustments to clean up the underlying Earnings figures.


Be Aware

Though using today's earnings in calculating Earnings Power Value, GuruFocus is normalizing these earnings to the business cycle. This eliminates the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle. This means that we are considering the average earnings over 5 years.


PTC Earnings Power Value (EPV) Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of PTC's Earnings Power Value (EPV) provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


PTC (PTC) Business Description

Industry
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
121 Seaport Boulevard, Boston, MA, USA, 02210
PTC offers high-end computer-assisted design (Creo) and product lifecycle management (Windchill) software as well as Internet of Things and AR industrial solutions. Founded in 1985, PTC has 28,000 customers, with revenue stemming mostly from North America (45%) and Europe (40%).
Executives
Robert Schechter director C/O NMS COMMUNICATIONS, 100 CROSSING BLVD, FRAMINGHAM MA 01702
Kristian Talvitie officer: Chief Financial Officer 121 SEAPORT BOULEVARD, BOSTON MA 02210
Michael Ditullio officer: EVP 121 SEAPORT BLVD, BOSTON MA 02210
Von Staats Aaron C officer: SVP, General Counsel and Clerk C/O PARAMETRIC TECHNOLOGY CORP, 140 KENDRICK ST, NEEDHAM MA 02494
Catherine Kniker officer: Chief Strategy Officer C/O 121 SEAPORT BOULEVARD, BOSTON MA 02210
Paul A Lacy director KRONOS INCORP, 297 BILLERICA RD, CHELMSFORD MA 01824
Lathan Corinna director 140 KENDRICK STREET, NEEDHAM MA 02494
Blake D. Moret director C/O ROCKWELL AUTOMATION, INC., 1201 SOUTH SECOND STREET, MILWAUKEE WI 53204
Neil Barua director, officer: CEO-Elect C/O SERVICEMAX, INC., 4450 ROSEWOOD DRIVE #200, PLEASANTON CA 94588
Janesh Moorjani director C/O ELASTIC N.V., 800 WEST EL CAMINO REAL, SUITE 350, MOUNTAIN VIEW CA 94040
Michal Katz director 42 ROCK SHELTER ROAD, WACCABUC NY 10597
James E Heppelmann officer: EVP, Chief Product Officer C/O PARAMETRIC TECHNOLOGY CORP, 140 KENDRICK ST., NEEDHAM MA 02494
Amarpreet Hanspal director AUTODESK, INC., 111 MCINNIS PARKWAY, SAN RAFAEL CA 94903
Phillip M Fernandez director C/O MARKETO, INC., 901 MARINER'S ISLAND BLVD., SUITE 500, SAN MATEO CA 94404
Mark D Benjamin director NUANCE COMMUNICATIONS, INC., 1 WAYSIDE ROAD, BURLINGTON MA 01803