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DocuSign Piotroski F-Score

: 5 (As of Today)
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The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

DocuSign has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

NAS:DOCU' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 4   Med: 5   Max: 5
Current: 5

4
5

During the past 5 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of DocuSign was 5. The lowest was 4. And the median was 5.


DocuSign Piotroski F-Score Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

DocuSign Annual Data
Jan16 Jan17 Jan18 Jan19 Jan20
Piotroski F-Score N/A N/A N/A 4.00 5.00

DocuSign Quarterly Data
Jan16 Jan17 Apr17 Jul17 Oct17 Jan18 Apr18 Jul18 Oct18 Jan19 Apr19 Jul19 Oct19 Jan20 Apr20 Jul20
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only N/A N/A 5.00 4.00 5.00

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.


DocuSign Piotroski F-Score Distribution

* The bar in red indicates where DocuSign's Piotroski F-Score falls into.


How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Jul20) TTM:Last Year (Jul19) TTM:
Net Income was -46.598 + -47.407 + -47.804 + -64.56 = $-206 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -1.869 + 45.505 + 59.144 + 118.134 = $221 Mil.
Revenue was 249.502 + 274.895 + 297.017 + 342.209 = $1,164 Mil.
Gross Profit was 187.538 + 206.82 + 222.985 + 251.594 = $869 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Jul19)
to the end of this year (Jul20) was
(1761.836 + 1786.365 + 1891.138 + 1921.488 + 2053.31) / 5 = $1882.8274 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Jul19) was $1,762 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $657 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $968 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $854 Mil.
Net Income was -52.813 + -66.244 + -45.722 + -68.632 = $-233 Mil.

Revenue was 178.385 + 199.732 + 213.962 + 235.612 = $828 Mil.
Gross Profit was 133.312 + 147.039 + 161.943 + 174.436 = $617 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Jul18)
to the end of last year (Jul19) was
(1169.698 + 1719.436 + 1615.417 + 1738.4 + 1761.836) / 5 = $1600.9574 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Jul18) was $1,170 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $602 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $943 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $574 Mil.

*Note: If the latest quarterly/semi-annual/annual total assets data is 0, then we will use previous quarterly/semi-annual/annual data for all the items in the balance sheet.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

DocuSign's current Net Income (TTM) was -206. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

DocuSign's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 221. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year's return on assets (1) to last year's return on assets.

Score 1 if it's higher, 0 if it's lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets (Jul19)
=-206.369/1761.836
=-0.11713292

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets (Jul18)
=-233.411/1169.698
=-0.19954809

DocuSign's return on assets of this year was -0.11713292. DocuSign's return on assets of last year was -0.19954809. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

DocuSign's current Net Income (TTM) was -206. DocuSign's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 221. ==> 221 > -206 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year's gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year's gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Jul20)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Average Total Assets from Jul19 to Jul20
=656.967/1882.8274
=0.34892577

Gearing (Last Year: Jul19)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Average Total Assets from Jul18 to Jul19
=602.427/1600.9574
=0.37629171

DocuSign's gearing of this year was 0.34892577. DocuSign's gearing of last year was 0.37629171. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year's current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year's current ratio.

Score 1 if this year's current ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Jul20)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=968.023/854.038
=1.13346596

Current Ratio (Last Year: Jul19)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=943.493/574.149
=1.64328946

DocuSign's current ratio of this year was 1.13346596. DocuSign's current ratio of last year was 1.64328946. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

DocuSign's number of shares in issue this year was 184.862. DocuSign's number of shares in issue last year was 175.389. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year's gross margin (Gross Profit divided by sales) to last year's.

Score 1 if this year's gross margin is higher, 0 if it's lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=868.937/1163.623
=0.74675131

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=616.73/827.691
=0.74512107

DocuSign's gross margin of this year was 0.74675131. DocuSign's gross margin of last year was 0.74512107. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year's asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year's asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year's asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Jul19)
=1163.623/1761.836
=0.66046045

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Jul18)
=827.691/1169.698
=0.70761085

DocuSign's asset turnover of this year was 0.66046045. DocuSign's asset turnover of last year was 0.70761085. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=0+1+1+1+1+0+0+1+0
=5

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

DocuSign has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

DocuSign  (NAS:DOCU) Piotroski F-Score Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


DocuSign Piotroski F-Score Related Terms


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