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Assurant (NYSE:AIZ) Beneish M-Score

: -2.43 (As of Today)
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Note: Financial institutions were excluded from the sample in Beneish paper when calculating Beneish M-Score. Thus, the prediction might not fit banks and insurance companies.

The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of equal or less than -1.78 suggests that the company is unlikely to be a manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -1.78 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Good Sign:

Beneish M-Score -2.43 no higher than -1.78, which implies that the company is unlikely to be a manipulator.

The historical rank and industry rank for Assurant's Beneish M-Score or its related term are showing as below:

AIZ' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -2.6   Med: -2.43   Max: -2
Current: -2.43

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Assurant was -2.00. The lowest was -2.60. And the median was -2.43.


Assurant Beneish M-Score Calculation

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Altman Z-Score) or business trend (Piotroski F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Assurant for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.8679+0.528 * 1+0.404 * 1.3246+0.892 * 1.0921+0.115 * 0.9884
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1+4.679 * -0.014735-0.327 * 0.906
=-2.43

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

This Year (Dec23) TTM:Last Year (Dec22) TTM:
Total Receivables was $8,915 Mil.
Revenue was $11,132 Mil.
Gross Profit was $11,132 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $12,648 Mil.
Total Assets was $33,635 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $686 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $196 Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,962 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $2,080 Mil.
Net Income was $643 Mil.
Gross Profit was $0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was $1,138 Mil.
Total Receivables was $9,406 Mil.
Revenue was $10,193 Mil.
Gross Profit was $10,193 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $17,382 Mil.
Total Assets was $33,117 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $645 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $182 Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $3,575 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $1,905 Mil.




1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of Revenue in Total Receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(8914.8 / 11131.6) / (9405.8 / 10193)
=0.800855 / 0.922771
=0.8679

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(10193 / 10193) / (11131.6 / 11131.6)
=1 / 1
=1

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than Property, Plant and Equipment to Total Assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (12648.4 + 685.8) / 33635.2) / (1 - (17381.7 + 645.1) / 33117.3)
=0.603564 / 0.455668
=1.3246

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of Revenue in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=11131.6 / 10193
=1.0921

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(182 / (182 + 645.1)) / (196.4 / (196.4 + 685.8))
=0.220046 / 0.222625
=0.9884

Note: If the Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization data is not available, we assume that the depreciation rate is constant and set the Depreciation Index to 1.

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) to Sales in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(0 / 11131.6) / (0 / 10193)
=0 / 0
=1

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to Total Assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((2080.4 + 2962.1) / 33635.2) / ((1905.2 + 3575) / 33117.3)
=0.149917 / 0.165478
=0.906

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(642.5 - 0 - 1138.1) / 33635.2
=-0.014735

An M-Score of equal or less than -1.78 suggests that the company is unlikely to be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -1.78 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Assurant has a M-score of -2.43 suggests that the company is unlikely to be a manipulator.


Assurant Beneish M-Score Related Terms

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Assurant (NYSE:AIZ) Business Description

Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
260 Interstate North Circle SE, Atlanta, GA, USA, 30339
Assurant Inc offers a range of property-casualty, health, employee benefit, and warranty insurance to a client base made up of individuals and institutions. Its segments are Global Housing, Global Lifestyle, Corporate and Other. Global Housing provides lender-placed homeowners insurance, lender-placed manufactured housing insurance and lender-placed flood insurance; renters insurance and related products; and voluntary manufactured housing insurance, voluntary homeowners insurance and other specialty products. Global Lifestyle, the key revenue-generating segment, provides mobile device solutions and extended service products and related services for mobile devices, consumer electronics and appliances; vehicle protection; and credit protection and other insurance products.
Executives
Jay Rosenblum officer: EVP and CLO C/O ASSURANT, INC., 28 LIBERTY ST, 41ST FL., NEW YORK NY 10005
Dimitry Dirienzo officer: SVP, CAO, Controller C/O ASSURANT, INC., 28 LIBERTY ST. 41 F., NEW YORK NY 10005
Richard S Dziadzio officer: EVP, CFO, and Treasurer C/O ALLIANCE CAPITAL, 1345 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS, NEW YORK NY 10105
Francesca Luthi officer: EVP, CAO 1180 NORTH TOWN CENTER DRIVE, SUITE 100, LAS VEGAS NV 89144
Robert Lonergan officer: EVP, other: Chief Strategy Officer C/O ASSURANT, INC.,28 LIBERTY STREET, 41ST FLOOR, NEW YORK NY 10005
Rajiv Basu director C/O ASSURANT, INC., 260 INTERSTATE NORTH CIRCLE, S.E., ATLANTA GA 30339
Sari Beth Granat director C/O MARKIT LTD, 4TH FL, ROPEMAKER PLACE, 25 ROPEMAKER STREET, LONDON X0 EC2Y 9LY
Keith Meier officer: EVP, COO C/O ASSURANT, INC., 55 BROADWAY, SUITE 2901, NEW YORK NY 10006
Alan B. Colberg officer: EVP, Marketing & Bus. Dev. ASSURANT, INC., ONE CHASE MANHATTAN PLAZA, 41 FL., NEW YORK NY 10005
Gene Mergelmeyer officer: Executive Vice President, other: Pres., Assur. Spec. Property ASSURANT, INC., 28 LIBERTY ST. 41 FLOOR, NEW YORK NY 10005
Carter J Braxton Ii director C/O T-MOBILE US, INC., 12920 SE 38TH STREET, BELLEVUE WA 98006
Charles John Koch director CITIZENS FINANCIAL GROUP, INC., 600 WASHINGTON BLVD., CS119N, STAMFORD CT 06901
Tammy L. Schultz officer: EVP C/O ASSURANT, INC.,28 LIBERTY STREET, 41ST FLOOR, NEW YORK NY 10005
Paget Leonard Alves director SPRINT NEXTEL, 6200 SPRINT PARKWAY KSOPHF0410 - 4A403, OVERLAND PARK KS 66251
Ognjen Redzic director C/O ASSURANT, INC., 28 LIBERTY STREET, 41ST FL., NEW YORK NY 10005