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Seaboard (AMEX:SEB) Beneish M-Score

: -2.13 (As of Today)
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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of equal or less than -1.78 suggests that the company is unlikely to be a manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -1.78 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Good Sign:

Beneish M-Score -2.13 no higher than -1.78, which implies that the company is unlikely to be a manipulator.

The historical rank and industry rank for Seaboard's Beneish M-Score or its related term are showing as below:

SEB' s Beneish M-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: -3.01   Med: -2.5   Max: -2.01
Current: -2.13

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Seaboard was -2.01. The lowest was -3.01. And the median was -2.50.


Seaboard Beneish M-Score Historical Data

The historical data trend for Seaboard's Beneish M-Score can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Seaboard Annual Data
Trend Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21 Dec22 Dec23
Beneish M-Score
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -2.35 -2.74 -2.01 -2.26 -2.13

Seaboard Quarterly Data
Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22 Sep22 Dec22 Mar23 Jun23 Sep23 Dec23
Beneish M-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -2.26 -2.44 -2.66 -2.76 -2.13

Competitive Comparison

For the Conglomerates subindustry, Seaboard's Beneish M-Score, along with its competitors' market caps and Beneish M-Score data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.


Seaboard Beneish M-Score Distribution

For the Conglomerates industry and Industrials sector, Seaboard's Beneish M-Score distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Seaboard's Beneish M-Score falls into.



Seaboard Beneish M-Score Calculation

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Altman Z-Score) or business trend (Piotroski F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Seaboard for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * 0.9541+0.528 * 2.7722+0.404 * 1.2237+0.892 * 0.8505+0.115 * 0.8761
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * 1.2704+4.679 * -0.089083-0.327 * 1.0801
=-2.13

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

This Year (Dec23) TTM:Last Year (Dec22) TTM:
Total Receivables was $749 Mil.
Revenue was 2282 + 2388 + 2393 + 2499 = $9,562 Mil.
Gross Profit was 21 + 165 + 96 + 34 = $316 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,363 Mil.
Total Assets was $7,566 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $2,804 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $283 Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $403 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,335 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $1,301 Mil.
Net Income was 64 + 126 + 52 + -16 = $226 Mil.
Non Operating Income was 66 + 17 + 58 + 49 = $190 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 129 + 377 + 111 + 93 = $710 Mil.
Total Receivables was $923 Mil.
Revenue was 2666 + 2895 + 2973 + 2709 = $11,243 Mil.
Gross Profit was 266 + 247 + 281 + 236 = $1,030 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $4,017 Mil.
Total Assets was $7,902 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $2,691 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $235 Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $373 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,529 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $1,020 Mil.




1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of Revenue in Total Receivables in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(749 / 9562) / (923 / 11243)
=0.078331 / 0.082096
=0.9541

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(1030 / 11243) / (316 / 9562)
=0.091613 / 0.033047
=2.7722

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than Property, Plant and Equipment to Total Assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (3363 + 2804) / 7566) / (1 - (4017 + 2691) / 7902)
=0.184906 / 0.151101
=1.2237

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of Revenue in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=9562 / 11243
=0.8505

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(235 / (235 + 2691)) / (283 / (283 + 2804))
=0.080314 / 0.091675
=0.8761

Note: If the Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization data is not available, we assume that the depreciation rate is constant and set the Depreciation Index to 1.

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) to Sales in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(403 / 9562) / (373 / 11243)
=0.042146 / 0.033176
=1.2704

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to Total Assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((1301 + 1335) / 7566) / ((1020 + 1529) / 7902)
=0.348401 / 0.322577
=1.0801

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(226 - 190 - 710) / 7566
=-0.089083

An M-Score of equal or less than -1.78 suggests that the company is unlikely to be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -1.78 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

Seaboard has a M-score of -2.13 suggests that the company is unlikely to be a manipulator.


Seaboard Beneish M-Score Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Seaboard's Beneish M-Score provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Seaboard (AMEX:SEB) Business Description

Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
9000 West 67th Street, Merriam, KS, USA, 66202
Seaboard Corp is a diversified group of companies that operate in agricultural and ocean transport businesses. The company is engaged in hog production and pork processing in the United States; commodity trading and grain processing in Africa and South America; cargo shipping services in the U.S., Caribbean and Central and South America; sugar and alcohol production in Argentina; and electric power generation in the Dominican Republic. It also has an equity method investment in Butterball, LLC, a producer and processor of turkey products. The group operates six business segments: pork, commodity trading and milling, marine, sugar and alcohol, power, and turkey. It operates in 45 countries, with a concentration in the U.S. and countries in Central and South America and Africa.
Executives
Cerezo Baena Laura P officer: Assistant Secretary 9000 W 67TH STREET, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
Barbara M Smith officer: Interim Controller and PAO 9000 W 67TH STREET, MERRIAM KS 66202
Frances B Shifman director 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
Vacas Jacques Emma Alejandra officer: Assistant Treasurer 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
James T Hubler officer: Assoc. Gen Counsel & Asst. Sec 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
Benjamin R Hodes officer: Vice President, Finance 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
Elizabeth A Loudon officer: Vice President, Tax 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
John B Warner officer: Vice President-Human Resources 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
Adriana N Hoskins officer: Vice President and Treasurer 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, MERRIAM KS 66202
Peter B Brown officer: Pres. & CEO, Seaboard Foods 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
Jacob A. Bresky officer: Vice Pres-Business Development 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, 3RD FLOOR, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
Ellen S. Bresky director, 10 percent owner 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, 3RD FLOOR, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
Douglas W Baena director
Darwin E Sand officer: Pres. & CEO, Seaboard Foods 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202
Winfield Ivan J. Jr officer: VP-Information Technology 9000 WEST 67TH STREET, SHAWNEE MISSION KS 66202