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Moderna (NAS:MRNA) Free Cash Flow

: $-3,825 Mil (TTM As of Dec. 2023)
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Moderna's total free cash flow for the months ended in Dec. 2023 was $402 Mil. Its total free cash flow for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2023 was $-3,825 Mil.

Moderna's Free Cash Flow per Share for the months ended in Dec. 2023 was $1.05. Its free cash flow per share for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2023 was $-9.84.

During the past 12 months, the average Free Cash Flow per Share Growth Rate of Moderna was -190.90% per year. Please click Growth Rate Calculation Example (GuruFocus) to see how GuruFocus calculates Wal-Mart Stores Inc (WMT)'s revenue growth rate. You can apply the same method to get the Free Cash Flow Growth Rate using Free Cash Flow per Share data.


Moderna Free Cash Flow Historical Data

The historical data trend for Moderna's Free Cash Flow can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Moderna Annual Data
Trend Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21 Dec22 Dec23
Free Cash Flow
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only -491.00 1,959.00 13,336.00 4,581.00 -3,825.00

Moderna Quarterly Data
Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22 Sep22 Dec22 Mar23 Jun23 Sep23 Dec23
Free Cash Flow Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 1,570.00 -1,338.00 -1,149.00 -1,740.00 402.00

Moderna Free Cash Flow Calculation

Free Cash Flow is considered one of the most important parameters to measure a company's earnings power by value investors because it is not subject to estimates of Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization (DDA). However, when we look at the Free Cash Flow, we should look from a long term perspective, because any year's Free Cash Flow can be drastically affected by the spending on Property, Plant, & Equipment (PPE) of the business in that year. Over the long term, Free Cash Flow should give pretty good picture on the real earnings power of the company.

Moderna's Free Cash Flow for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2023 is calculated as

Free Cash Flow (A: Dec. 2023 )=Cash Flow from Operations+Capital Expenditure
=-3118+-707
=-3,825

Moderna's Free Cash Flow for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2023 is calculated as

Free Cash Flow (Q: Dec. 2023 )=Cash Flow from Operations+Capital Expenditure
=622+-220
=402

Free Cash Flow for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2023 adds up the quarterly data reported by the company within the most recent 12 months, which was $-3,825 Mil.

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Moderna  (NAS:MRNA) Free Cash Flow Explanation

Free Cash Flow is very close to Warren Buffett's definition of Owner's Earnings, except that in Warren Buffett's Owner's Earnings, the spending for Property, Plant, and Equipment is only for maintenance (replacement), while in the Free Cash Flow calculation, the cost of new Property, Plant, and Equipment due to business expansion is also deducted. There, Free Cash Flow is more conservative than Owner's Earnings.

In Don Yacktman's calculation of forward rate of return, he uses Free Cash Flow for the calculation. Yacktman explained the forward rate of return concept in detail in his interview with GuruFocus. Yacktman defines forward rate of return as the normalized free cash flow yield plus real growth plus inflation.

This is what Yacktman said in his March 2012 interview - when the S&P 500 was at 1400:

If the business is stable, this calculation is fairly straightforward. For instance, on the S&P 500 we would normalize earnings. We would then calculate what percentage of those earnings are not reinvested in the underlying businesses and are therefore free. Historically, for the S&P 500, this has been just under 50% of earnings. Currently, we expect the S&P to earn about 70 on a normalized basis, a number which is far below reported earnings due to our adjusting for record high profit margins. $70 X ½ / 1400 gives you a normalized free cash flow yield of approximately 2.5%.

The historical real growth rate of the S&P 500 (companies) is about 1.5%. Assuming an inflation rate of 2.5%, the forward rate of return on an investment in the S&P 500 is about 6.5% today (2.5% free cash flow yield plus 1.5% real growth plus 2.5% inflation).

For the growth part of the Forward Rate of Return calculation, GuruFocus uses the 5-year average growth rate of EBITDA per share as the growth rate, and the growth rate is always capped at 20%. For the Free Cash Flow we use per share data averaged over seven years. The reason we use seven years is because research shows that seven years is the length of the typical business cycle.

Therefore, as of Dec23, Moderna's Forward Rate of Return (Yacktman) % is

Forward Rate of Return (Yacktman) % (Dec23)=Normalized Free Cash Flow/Price+5-Year EBITDA Growth Rate
=0/99.45+0
=0.00 %

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Be Aware

Free Cash Flow within a report period can be affected by management's decisions of capital spending. Therefore, it is important to look at long term when it comes to Free Cash Flow.


Moderna Free Cash Flow Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Moderna's Free Cash Flow provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Moderna (NAS:MRNA) Business Description

Address
200 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA, USA, 02139
Moderna is a commercial-stage biotech that was founded in 2010 and had its initial public offering in December 2018. The firm's mRNA technology was rapidly validated with its COVID-19 vaccine, which was authorized in the United States in December 2020. Moderna had 39 mRNA development candidates in clinical trials as of mid-2023. Programs span a wide range of therapeutic areas, including infectious disease, oncology, cardiovascular disease, and rare genetic diseases.
Executives
Stephen Hoge officer: President C/O MODERNA, INC., 200 TECHNOLOGY SQUARE, CAMBRIDGE MA 02139
James M Mock officer: Chief Financial Officer 940 WINTER STREET, PERKINELMER, WALTHAM MA 02451
Shannon Thyme Klinger officer: Chief Legal Officer 200 TECHNOLOGY SQUARE, SUITE 300, CAMBRIDGE MA 02139
Noubar Afeyan director, 10 percent owner C/O FLAGSHIP PIONEERING, INC., 55 CAMBRIDGE PARKWAY, SUITE 800E, CAMBRIDGE MA 02142
Arpa Garay officer: Chief Commercial Officer 2000 GALLOPING HILL RD, KENILWORTH NJ 07033
Stephane Bancel director, officer: Chief Executive Officer 320 BENT STREET, CAMBRIDGE MA 02141
Juan Andres officer: See Remarks C/O MODERNA, INC., 200 TECHNOLOGY SQUARE, CAMBRIDGE MA 02139
Paul Burton officer: Chief Medical Officer 200 TECHNOLOGY SQUARE, CAMBRIDGE MA 02139
David W Meline officer: Chief Financial Officer 3M COMPANY, 3M OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL, ST PAUL MN 55144-1000
Jorge M Gomez officer: See Remarks C/O DENTSPLY SIRONA INC, 13320 BALLANTYNE CORPORATE PLACE, CHARLOTTE NC 28277
Paul Sagan director AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES INC, 8 CAMBRIDGE CENTER, CAMBRIDGE MA 02142
Tal Zvi Zaks officer: Chief Medical Officer C/O ADAPTIMMUNE THERAPEUTICS PLC, 60 JUBILEE AVE, MILTON PARK, ABINGDON, OXFORDSHIRE X0 OX14 4RX
Lori M. Henderson officer: General Counsel and Secretary MOLDFLOW CORP, 430 BOSTON POST ROAD, WAYLAND MA 01778
Le Goff Corinne officer: Chief Commercial Officer 200 TECHNOLOGY SQUARE, SUITE 300, CAMBRIDGE MA 02139
Elizabeth G Nabel director BRIGHAM AND WOMEN'S HOSPITAL, 75 FRANCIS ST, BOSTON MA 02115

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