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Broadcom (Broadcom) Earnings Power Value (EPV) : $94.61 (As of Jan24)


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What is Broadcom Earnings Power Value (EPV)?

As of Jan24, Broadcom's earnings power value is $94.61. *

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

Margin of Safety is -1278

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future. Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.


Broadcom Earnings Power Value (EPV) Historical Data

The historical data trend for Broadcom's Earnings Power Value (EPV) can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Broadcom Earnings Power Value (EPV) Chart

Broadcom Annual Data
Trend Oct14 Oct15 Oct16 Oct17 Oct18 Oct19 Oct20 Oct21 Oct22 Oct23
Earnings Power Value (EPV)
Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 15.31 12.01 94.76 191.36 188.71

Broadcom Quarterly Data
Apr19 Jul19 Oct19 Jan20 Apr20 Jul20 Oct20 Jan21 Apr21 Jul21 Oct21 Jan22 Apr22 Jul22 Oct22 Jan23 Apr23 Jul23 Oct23 Jan24
Earnings Power Value (EPV) Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 158.97 155.20 169.88 188.71 94.61

Competitive Comparison of Broadcom's Earnings Power Value (EPV)

For the Semiconductors subindustry, Broadcom's Earnings Power Value (EPV), along with its competitors' market caps and Earnings Power Value (EPV) data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.


Broadcom's Earnings Power Value (EPV) Distribution in the Semiconductors Industry

For the Semiconductors industry and Technology sector, Broadcom's Earnings Power Value (EPV) distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Broadcom's Earnings Power Value (EPV) falls into.



Broadcom Earnings Power Value (EPV) Calculation

Earnings Power Value also known as just Earnings Power is a valuation technique popularised by Bruce Greenwald, an authority on value investing at Columbia University. It is arguably a better way to analyze stocks than Discounted Cash Flow analysis that relies on highly speculative growth assumptions many years into the future.

The basic concept of EPV is that one should value a stock based on the current free cash flow of a company and not on future projections which may, or may not, come true. This valuation tool excludes the potential growth that a company may have so that needs to be looked at separately. Since future growth is excluded from the analysis, only the maintenance capital expenditures are subtracted from after-tax EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and growth capex is ignored.

Broadcom's "Earning Power" Calculation:

Average of Last 20 Quarters Last Quarter
Revenue 29,826
DDA 5,692
Operating Margin % 31.41
SGA * 25% 453
Tax Rate % -4.26
Maintenance Capex 378
Cash and Cash Equivalents 11,864
Short-Term Debt 2,433
Long-Term Debt 73,468
Shares Outstanding (Diluted) 467

1. Start with "Earnings" not including accounting adjustments (one-time charges not excluded unless policy has changed). "Earnings" are "Operating Income.

2. Look at average margins over a business/Industry cycle: Average Operating Margin = 31.41%

To normalize margins and eliminate the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle, it is usually best to take a long-term average of operating margins. Ideally this would be as long as 10 years and include at least one economic downturn. However, since most of companies do not have as long as 10-year history, here GuruFocus uses the latest 5 years data to do the calculation. To smooth out unusual years but reflect recent developments, we take an average of the 5 year margin.

3. Multiply average margins by sustainable revenues and then adjust for maintenance SGA. This yields "normalized" EBIT:

To be conservative, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year revenues as the sustainable revenue.
EPV analysis recognises that part of SG&A expenditure is made to maintain and replace the existing assets, while part is made to grow sales. Since EPV is only interested in what it costs a going concern to maintain its existing asset base, it adds back a percentage of SG&A (between 15% and 50% - this is a matter of judgment and industry knowledge) to make up for the fact that some of this expenditure went to fund growth and shouldn't be accounted for. To start off, we assume 25% for the sake of prudence.
Sustainable Revenue = $29,826 Mil, Average Operating Margin = 31.41%, Average Adjusted SGA = 453,
therefore "Normalized" EBIT = Sustainable Revenue * Average Operating Margin + Average Adjusted SGA = 29,826 * 31.41% +453 = $9820.539877 Mil.

4. Multiply by one minus Average Tax Rate (NOPAT):

Same as average operating margin calculation, GuruFocus takes an average of the 5 years tax rates.
Average Tax Rate = -4.26%, and "Normalized" EBIT = $9820.539877 Mil,
therefore After-tax "Normalized" EBIT = "Normalized" EBIT * ( 1 - Average Tax Rate ) = 9820.539877 * ( 1 - -4.26% ) = $10238.551156865 Mil.

5. Add back Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate). This yields "normalized" Earnings:

Excess Depreciation = Average DDA * % of Excess Depreciation (after tax at 1/2 average tax rate) = 5,692 * 0.5 * -4.26% = $-121.1357335 Mil.
"Normalized" Earnings = After-tax "Normalized" EBIT + Excess Depreciation = 10238.551156865 + -121.1357335 = $10117.415423365 Mil.

6. Adjusted for Maintenance Capital Expenditure:

First, calculate the revenue change regarding to the previous year. If the revenue decreased from the previous year, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
Second, if the revenue increased from the previous year, then calculate the percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue.
Third, calculate Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was negative, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive).
If [Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase] was positive, then the Maintenance Capital Expenditure = Capital Expenditure (positive) - percentage of Net PPE as of corresponding Revenue * revenue increase.
Fourth, GuruFocus uses an average of the 5 year maintenance capital expenditures as maintenance CAPEX.
Broadcom's Average Maintenance CAPEX = $378 Mil *.
* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.

7. Investors require a return of "WACC" for the risk they are taking: WACC = 9%

8. Broadcom's current cash and cash equivalent = $11,864 Mil.
Broadcom's current interest bearing debt = Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation + Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation = 73,468 + 2,433 = $75901 Mil.
Broadcom's current Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average) = 467 Mil.

Broadcom's Earnings Power Value (EPV) for Jan24 is calculated as:

EPV = ( ( Norm. Earnings-Maint. CAPEX *) / WACC + CashandEquiv - Int. Bearing Debt ) / Shares Outstanding (Diluted Average)
= ( ( 10117.415423365 - 378)/ 9%+11,864-75901 )/467
=94.61

Margin of Safety (EPV)=( Earnings Power Value (EPV)-Current Price )/Earnings Power Value (EPV)
=( 94.607997224947-1303.695 )/94.607997224947
= -1278%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* GuruFocus does not store EPV value into our database if Average Maintenance CAPEX is 0.


Broadcom  (NAS:AVGO) Earnings Power Value (EPV) Explanation

Assumption: Current profitability is sustainable.

Earnings power value (EPV) uses a very basic equation which assumes no growth, although it does rely on an assumption about the cost of capital as well as the fact that current earnings are sustainable. It also involves several adjustments to clean up the underlying Earnings figures.


Be Aware

Though using today's earnings in calculating Earnings Power Value, GuruFocus is normalizing these earnings to the business cycle. This eliminates the effects on profitability of valuing the firm at different points in the business cycle. This means that we are considering the average earnings over 5 years.


Broadcom Earnings Power Value (EPV) Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Broadcom's Earnings Power Value (EPV) provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Broadcom (Broadcom) Business Description

Industry
Address
3421 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, CA, USA, 94304
Broadcom is the sixth-largest semiconductor company globally and has expanded into various software businesses, with over $30 billion in annual revenue. It sells 17 core semiconductor product lines across wireless, networking, broadband, storage, and industrial markets. It is primarily a fabless designer but holds some manufacturing in-house, like for its best-of-breed FBAR filters that sell into the Apple iPhone. In software, it sells virtualization, infrastructure, and security software to large enterprises, financial institutions, and governments.Broadcom is the product of consolidation. Its businesses are an amalgamation of former companies like legacy Broadcom and Avago Technologies in chips, as well as Brocade, CA Technologies, and Symantec in software.
Executives
Kirsten M. Spears officer: Principal Accounting Officer 1320 RIDDER PARK, SAN JOSE CA 95131
Hock E Tan director, officer: President and CEO BROADCOM INC., 1320 RIDDER PARK DRIVE, SAN JOSE CA 95131
Eddy W Hartenstein director
Mark David Brazeal officer: Chief Legal Officer 1320 RIDDER PARK DRIVE, SAN JOSE CA 95131
Charlie B Kawwas officer: SVP & Chief Sales Officer C/O AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES U.S. INC., 350 WEST TRIMBLE ROAD, SAN JOSE CA 95131
Justine Lien director 1320 RIDDER PARK DRIVE, SAN JOSE CA 95131
Harry L. You director EMC CORPORATION, 176 SOUTH STREET, HOPKINTON MA 01748
Check Kian Low director 1320 RIDDER PARK DRIVE, SAN JOSE CA 95131
Raul J Fernandez director 11600 SUNRISE VALLEY DR, RESTON VA 20191
Gayla J Delly director 3000 TECHNOLOGY DR, ANGLETON TX 77515
Diane M Bryant director 2200 MISSION COLLEGE BLVD, SANTA CLARA CA 95054
Thomas H. Krause officer: Chief Financial Officer 1320 RIDDER PARK, SAN JOSE CA 95131
Henry Samueli director, officer: Chief Technical Officer 5300 CALIFORNIA AVENUE, IRVINE CA 92617-3038
Bryan Ingram officer: SVP & GM, Wireless Semicon Div C/O AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED, 350 WEST TRIMBLE ROAD, BLDG. 90, SAN JOSE CA 95131
Donald Macleod director

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