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Apple Piotroski F-Score

: 8 (As of Today)
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Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score is 8, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Apple has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

NAS:AAPL' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 2   Med: 6   Max: 9
Current: 8

2
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Apple was 9. The lowest was 2. And the median was 6.


Apple Piotroski F-Score Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

* Premium members only.

Apple Annual Data
Sep10 Sep11 Sep12 Sep13 Sep14 Sep15 Sep16 Sep17 Sep18 Sep19
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 8.00 5.00 4.00 6.00 6.00

Apple Quarterly Data
Jun15 Sep15 Dec15 Mar16 Jun16 Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 5.00 7.00 6.00 7.00 8.00

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.


Apple Piotroski F-Score Distribution

* The bar in red indicates where Apple's Piotroski F-Score falls into.


How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Mar20) TTM:Last Year (Mar19) TTM:
Net Income was 10044 + 13686 + 22236 + 11249 = USD 57,215 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 11636 + 19910 + 30516 + 13311 = USD 75,373 Mil.
Revenue was 53809 + 64040 + 91819 + 58313 = USD 267,981 Mil.
Gross Profit was 20227 + 24313 + 35217 + 22370 = USD 102,127 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Mar19)
to the end of this year (Mar20) was
(341998 + 322239 + 338516 + 340618 + 320400) / 5 = USD 332754.2 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar19) was USD 341,998 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was USD 89,086 Mil.
Total Current Assets was USD 143,753 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was USD 96,094 Mil.
Net Income was 11519 + 14125 + 19965 + 11561 = USD 57,170 Mil.

Revenue was 53265 + 62900 + 84310 + 58015 = USD 258,490 Mil.
Gross Profit was 20421 + 24084 + 32031 + 21821 = USD 98,357 Mil.
Average Net Income from the begining of last year (Mar18)
to the end of last year (Mar19) was
(367502 + 349197 + 365725 + 373719 + 341998) / 5 = USD 359628.2 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar18) was USD 367,502 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was USD 90,201 Mil.
Total Current Assets was USD 123,346 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was USD 93,772 Mil.

*Note: If the latest quarterly/semi-annual/annual total assets data is 0, then we will use previous quarterly/semi-annual/annual data for all the items in the balance sheet.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Apple's current Net Income (TTM) was 57,215. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Apple's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 75,373. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year's return on assets (1) to last year's return on assets.

Score 1 if it's higher, 0 if it's lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets (Mar19)
=57215/341998
=0.1672963

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets (Mar18)
=57170/367502
=0.15556378

Apple's return on assets of this year was 0.1672963. Apple's return on assets of last year was 0.15556378. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Apple's current Net Income (TTM) was 57,215. Apple's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 75,373. ==> 75,373 > 57,215 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year's gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year's gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Mar20)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Average Total Assets from Mar19 to Mar20
=89086/332754.2
=0.26772314

Gearing (Last Year: Mar19)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Average Total Assets from Mar18 to Mar19
=90201/359628.2
=0.25081737

Apple's gearing of this year was 0.26772314. Apple's gearing of last year was 0.25081737. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year's current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year's current ratio.

Score 1 if this year's current ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Mar20)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=143753/96094
=1.49596229

Current Ratio (Last Year: Mar19)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=123346/93772
=1.31538199

Apple's current ratio of this year was 1.49596229. Apple's current ratio of last year was 1.31538199. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Apple's number of shares in issue this year was 4404.691. Apple's number of shares in issue last year was 4700.646. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year's gross margin (Gross Profit divided by sales) to last year's.

Score 1 if this year's gross margin is higher, 0 if it's lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=102127/267981
=0.38109791

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=98357/258490
=0.38050602

Apple's gross margin of this year was 0.38109791. Apple's gross margin of last year was 0.38050602. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year's asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year's asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year's asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar19)
=267981/341998
=0.78357476

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar18)
=258490/367502
=0.70337032

Apple's asset turnover of this year was 0.78357476. Apple's asset turnover of last year was 0.70337032. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+0+1+1+1+1
=8

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Apple has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

Apple  (NAS:AAPL) Piotroski F-Score Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


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