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Apple Piotroski F-Score

: 7 (As of Today)
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Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score is 7, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Apple has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

NAS:AAPL' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 2   Med: 6   Max: 9
Current: 7

2
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Apple was 9. The lowest was 2. And the median was 6.


Apple Piotroski F-Score Historical Data

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Apple Annual Data
Trend Sep11 Sep12 Sep13 Sep14 Sep15 Sep16 Sep17 Sep18 Sep19 Sep20
Piotroski F-Score
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 5.00 4.00 6.00 6.00 7.00

Apple Quarterly Data
Jun16 Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21
Piotroski F-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 8.00 7.00 7.00 7.00 7.00

Competitive Comparison
* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap.
   

Apple Piotroski F-Score Distribution

* The bar in red indicates where Apple's Piotroski F-Score falls into.


How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

This Year (Mar21) TTM:Last Year (Mar20) TTM:
Net Income was 11253 + 12673 + 28755 + 23630 = $76,311 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 16271 + 20576 + 38763 + 23981 = $99,591 Mil.
Revenue was 59685 + 64698 + 111439 + 89584 = $325,406 Mil.
Gross Profit was 22680 + 24689 + 44328 + 38079 = $129,776 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Mar20)
to the end of this year (Mar21) was
(320400 + 317344 + 323888 + 354054 + 337158) / 5 = $330568.8 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar20) was $320,400 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $108,642 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $121,465 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $106,385 Mil.
Net Income was 10044 + 13686 + 22236 + 11249 = $57,215 Mil.

Revenue was 53809 + 64040 + 91819 + 58313 = $267,981 Mil.
Gross Profit was 20227 + 24313 + 35217 + 22370 = $102,127 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Mar19)
to the end of last year (Mar20) was
(341998 + 322239 + 338516 + 340618 + 320400) / 5 = $332754.2 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar19) was $341,998 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $89,086 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $143,753 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $96,094 Mil.

*Note: If the latest quarterly/semi-annual/annual total assets data is 0, then we will use previous quarterly/semi-annual/annual data for all the items in the balance sheet.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Apple's current Net Income (TTM) was 76,311. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by Total Assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Apple's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 99,591. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year's return on assets (1) to last year's return on assets.

Score 1 if it's higher, 0 if it's lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets (Mar20)
=76311/320400
=0.23817416

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets (Mar19)
=57215/341998
=0.1672963

Apple's return on assets of this year was 0.23817416. Apple's return on assets of last year was 0.1672963. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Apple's current Net Income (TTM) was 76,311. Apple's current Cash Flow from Operations (TTM) was 99,591. ==> 99,591 > 76,311 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year's gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year's gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Mar21)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Average Total Assets from Mar20 to Mar21
=108642/330568.8
=0.32865171

Gearing (Last Year: Mar20)=Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation/Average Total Assets from Mar19 to Mar20
=89086/332754.2
=0.26772314

Apple's gearing of this year was 0.32865171. Apple's gearing of last year was 0.26772314. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year's current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year's current ratio.

Score 1 if this year's current ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Mar21)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=121465/106385
=1.14174931

Current Ratio (Last Year: Mar20)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=143753/96094
=1.49596229

Apple's current ratio of this year was 1.14174931. Apple's current ratio of last year was 1.49596229. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Apple's number of shares in issue this year was 16929.157. Apple's number of shares in issue last year was 17618.765. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year's gross margin (Gross Profit divided by sales) to last year's.

Score 1 if this year's gross margin is higher, 0 if it's lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=129776/325406
=0.39881256

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=102127/267981
=0.38109791

Apple's gross margin of this year was 0.39881256. Apple's gross margin of last year was 0.38109791. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year's asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year's asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year's asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it's lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar20)
=325406/320400
=1.01562422

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar19)
=267981/341998
=0.78357476

Apple's asset turnover of this year was 1.01562422. Apple's asset turnover of last year was 0.78357476. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+0+0+1+1+1
=7

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Apple has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

Apple  (NAS:AAPL) Piotroski F-Score Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


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