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Adobe (NAS:ADBE) Graham Number

: $42.45 (As of Nov. 2023)
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Graham Number is a figure that measures a stock's fundamental value by taking into account the company's earnings per share and book value per share. The Graham number is the upper bound of the price range that a defensive investor should pay for the stock. According to the theory, any stock price below the Graham number is considered undervalued, and thus worth investing in.

As of today (2024-02-29), the stock price of Adobe is $559.95. Adobe's graham number for the quarter that ended in Nov. 2023 was $42.45. Therefore, Adobe's Price to Graham Number ratio for today is 13.19.

The historical rank and industry rank for Adobe's Graham Number or its related term are showing as below:

ADBE' s Price-to-Graham-Number Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 7.81   Med: 11.44   Max: 55.27
Current: 13.2

During the past 13 years, the highest Price to Graham Number ratio of Adobe was 55.27. The lowest was 7.81. And the median was 11.44.

ADBE's Price-to-Graham-Number is ranked worse than
94.72% of 1345 companies
in the Software industry
Industry Median: 2.25 vs ADBE: 13.20

Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation. It is a very conservative way of valuing a stock.


Adobe Graham Number Historical Data

The historical data trend for Adobe's Graham Number can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Adobe Annual Data
Trend Nov14 Nov15 Nov16 Nov17 Nov18 Nov19 Nov20 Nov21 Nov22 Nov23
Graham Number
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only - 24.30 12.12 - 45.67

Adobe Quarterly Data
Feb19 May19 Aug19 Nov19 Feb20 May20 Aug20 Nov20 Feb21 May21 Aug21 Nov21 Feb22 May22 Aug22 Nov22 Feb23 May23 Aug23 Nov23
Graham Number Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only - 5.76 21.14 34.34 42.45

Competitive Comparison

For the Software - Infrastructure subindustry, Adobe's Price-to-Graham-Number, along with its competitors' market caps and Price-to-Graham-Number data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.


Adobe Price-to-Graham-Number Distribution

For the Software industry and Technology sector, Adobe's Price-to-Graham-Number distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Adobe's Price-to-Graham-Number falls into.



Adobe Graham Number Calculation

Graham Number is a concept based on Ben Graham's conservative valuation of companies.

Adobe's Graham Number for the fiscal year that ended in Nov. 2023 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5* Tangible Book per Share *EPS without NRI)
=sqrt of (22.5*5.769*16.07)
=45.67

Adobe's Graham Number for the quarter that ended in Nov. 2023 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5*Tangible Book per Share*EPS without NRI (TTM))
=sqrt of (22.5*5.769*13.88)
=42.45

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Adobe  (NAS:ADBE) Graham Number Explanation

Ben Graham actually did not publish a formula like this. But he wrote in The Intelligent Investor (1948 version) regarding to the criteria for purchases:

Current price should not be more than 15 times average earnings of the past three years.

Current price should not be more than 1.5 times the book value last reported. However, a multiplier of earnings below 15 could justify a correspondingly higher multiplier of assets. As a rule of thumb we suggest that the product of the multiplier times the ratio of price to book value should not exceed 22.5. (This figure corresponds to 15 times earnings and 1.5 times book value. It would admit an issue selling at only 9 times earnings and 2.5 times asset value, etc.)

Unlike valuation methods such as DCF or Discounted Earnings, the Graham number does not take growth into the valuation. Unlike the valuation methods based on book value alone, it takes into account the earnings power. Therefore, the Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation.

In general, the Graham number is a very conservative way of valuing a stock. It cannot be applied to companies with negative book values.

Adobe's Price to Graham number Ratio for today is calculated as

Price to Graham number=Share Price (Today)/Graham number (Q: Nov. 2023 )
=559.95/42.45
=13.19

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Be Aware

Please keep these in mind:

1. Graham Number does not take growth into account. Therefore it underestimates the values of the companies that have good earnings growth. We feel that if the earnings per share grows more than 10% a year, Graham Number underestimates the value.
2. Graham Number punishes the companies that have temporarily low earnings. Therefore, an average of earnings makes more sense in the calculation of Graham Number.
3. Graham Numbers underestimates companies that are light with book.


Adobe Graham Number Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Adobe's Graham Number provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Adobe (NAS:ADBE) Business Description

Address
345 Park Avenue, San Jose, CA, USA, 95110-2704
Adobe provides content creation, document management, and digital marketing and advertising software and services to creative professionals and marketers for creating, managing, delivering, measuring, optimizing and engaging with compelling content multiple operating systems, devices and media. The company operates with three segments: digital media content creation, digital experience for marketing solutions, and publishing for legacy products (less than 5% of revenue).
Executives
Mark S. Garfield officer: VP, CAO & Corp. Controller 345 PARK AVENUE, SAN JOSE CA 95110-2704
Amy Banse director 345 PARK AVENUE, SAN JOSE CA 95110
David Wadhwani officer: SVP & GM, Digital Media ADOBE INC., 345 PARK AVE, SAN JOSE CA 95110
Shantanu Narayen director, officer: President and CEO 345 PARK AVENUE, SAN JOSE CA 95110
Daniel Durn officer: EVP and CFO C/O APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., 3050 BOWERS AVENUE, P.O. BOX 58039, SANTA CLARA CA 95052-8039
Scott Belsky officer: EVP, Chief Product Officer 345 PARK AVENUE, SAN JOSE CA 95110
Cristiano R Amon director 5775 MOREHOUSE DRIVE, SAN DIEGO CA 92121
John E Warnock director, other: Co-Chairman of the Board C/O ADOBE SYSTEMS INC, 345 PARK AVENUE P O BOX 2704, SAN JOSE CA 95110-2704
Dana Rao officer: EVP, Gen. Counsel & Secretary 345 PARK AVE, SAN JOSE CA 95110
Ann Lewnes officer: SVP, Chief Marketing Officer 345 PARK AVENUE, SAN JOSE CA 95110
David A Ricks director LILLY CORPORATE CENTER, INDIANAPOLIS IN 46285
M. Brett Biggs director 702 SW 8TH STREET, BENTONVILLE AR 72716
Laura Desmond director 345 PARK AVENUE, SAN JOSE CA 95110
Spencer Adam Neumann director SIERRA INCOME CORPORATION, 375 PARK AVE., SUITE 3304, NEW YORK NY 10152
Gloria Chen officer: EVP, Strategy & Growth 345 PARK AVENUE, SAN JOSE CA 95110