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Aflac Beneish M-Score

: 0.00 (As of Today)
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The zones of discrimination for M-Score is as such:

An M-Score of equal or less than -1.78 suggests that the company is unlikely to be a manipulator.
An M-Score of greater than -1.78 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.

The historical rank and industry rank for Aflac's Beneish M-Score or its related term are showing as below:

During the past 13 years, the highest Beneish M-Score of Aflac was 0.00. The lowest was -3.17. And the median was -2.72.


Aflac Beneish M-Score Historical Data

The historical data trend for Aflac's Beneish M-Score can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Aflac Annual Data
Trend Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20
Beneish M-Score
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only - - - - -

Aflac Quarterly Data
Dec16 Mar17 Jun17 Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21
Beneish M-Score Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only - - - - -

Competitive Comparison

For the Insurance - Life subindustry, Aflac's Beneish M-Score, along with its competitors' market caps and Beneish M-Score data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Aflac Beneish M-Score Distribution

For the Insurance industry and Financial Services sector, Aflac's Beneish M-Score distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Aflac's Beneish M-Score falls into.



Aflac Beneish M-Score Calculation

The M-score was created by Professor Messod Beneish. Instead of measuring the bankruptcy risk (Altman Z-Score) or business trend (Piotroski F-Score), M-score can be used to detect the risk of earnings manipulation. This is the original research paper on M-score.

The M-Score Variables:

The M-score of Aflac for today is based on a combination of the following eight different indices:

M=-4.84+0.92 * DSRI+0.528 * GMI+0.404 * AQI+0.892 * SGI+0.115 * DEPI
=-4.84+0.92 * +0.528 * +0.404 * +0.892 * +0.115 *
-0.172 * SGAI+4.679 * TATA-0.327 * LVGI
-0.172 * +4.679 * -0.327 *
=

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

This Year (Dec20) TTM:Last Year (Dec19) TTM:
Accounts Receivable was $796 Mil.
Revenue was $22,116 Mil.
Gross Profit was $22,116 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $111,819 Mil.
Total Assets was $165,086 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $601 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $0 Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $5,625 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $7,899 Mil.
Net Income was $4,778 Mil.
Gross Profit was $0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was $5,958 Mil.
Accounts Receivable was $828 Mil.
Revenue was $22,241 Mil.
Gross Profit was $22,241 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $96,986 Mil.
Total Assets was $152,768 Mil.
Property, Plant and Equipment(Net PPE) was $581 Mil.
Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization(DDA) was $0 Mil.
Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) was $0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $7,246 Mil.
Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation was $6,569 Mil.




1. DSRI = Days Sales in Receivables Index

Measured as the ratio of Revenue in Accounts Receivable in year t to year t-1.

A large increase in DSR could be indicative of revenue inflation.

DSRI=(Receivables_t / Revenue_t) / (Receivables_t-1 / Revenue_t-1)
=(796 / 22116) / (828 / 22241)
=0.03599204 / 0.03722854
=

2. GMI = Gross Margin Index

Measured as the ratio of gross margin in year t-1 to gross margin in year t.

Gross margin has deteriorated when this index is above 1. A firm with poorer prospects is more likely to manipulate earnings.

GMI=GrossMargin_t-1 / GrossMargin_t
=(GrossProfit_t-1 / Revenue_t-1) / (GrossProfit_t / Revenue_t)
=(22241 / 22241) / (22116 / 22116)
=1 / 1
=

3. AQI = Asset Quality Index

AQI is the ratio of asset quality in year t to year t-1.

Asset quality is measured as the ratio of non-current assets other than Property, Plant and Equipment to Total Assets.

AQI=(1 - (CurrentAssets_t + PPE_t) / TotalAssets_t) / (1 - (CurrentAssets_t-1 + PPE_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=(1 - (111819 + 601) / 165086) / (1 - (96986 + 581) / 152768)
=0.3190216 / 0.36133876
=

4. SGI = Sales Growth Index

Ratio of Revenue in year t to sales in year t-1.

Sales growth is not itself a measure of manipulation. However, growth companies are likely to find themselves under pressure to manipulate in order to keep up appearances.

SGI=Sales_t / Sales_t-1
=Revenue_t / Revenue_t-1
=22116 / 22241
=

5. DEPI = Depreciation Index

Measured as the ratio of the rate of Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization in year t-1 to the corresponding rate in year t.

DEPI greater than 1 indicates that assets are being depreciated at a slower rate. This suggests that the firm might be revising useful asset life assumptions upwards, or adopting a new method that is income friendly.

DEPI=(Depreciation_t-1 / (Depreciaton_t-1 + PPE_t-1)) / (Depreciation_t / (Depreciaton_t + PPE_t))
=(0 / (0 + 581)) / (0 / (0 + 601))
=0 / 0
=

Note: If the Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization data is not available, we assume that the depreciation rate is constant and set the Depreciation Index to 1.

6. SGAI = Sales, General and Administrative expenses Index

The ratio of Selling, General, & Admin. Expense(SGA) to Sales in year t relative to year t-1.

SGA expenses index > 1 means that the company is becoming less efficient in generate sales.

SGAI=(SGA_t / Sales_t) / (SGA_t-1 /Sales_t-1)
=(0 / 22116) / (0 / 22241)
=0 / 0
=

7. LVGI = Leverage Index

The ratio of total debt to Total Assets in year t relative to yeat t-1.

An LVGI > 1 indicates an increase in leverage

LVGI=((LTD_t + CurrentLiabilities_t) / TotalAssets_t) / ((LTD_t-1 + CurrentLiabilities_t-1) / TotalAssets_t-1)
=((7899 + 5625) / 165086) / ((6569 + 7246) / 152768)
=0.08192094 / 0.09043124
=

8. TATA = Total Accruals to Total Assets

Total accruals calculated as the change in working capital accounts other than cash less depreciation.

TATA=(IncomefromContinuingOperations_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(NetIncome_t - NonOperatingIncome_t - CashFlowsfromOperations_t) / TotalAssets_t
=(4778 - 0 - 5958) / 165086
=-0.0071

An M-Score of equal or less than -1.78 suggests that the company is unlikely to be a manipulator. An M-Score of greater than -1.78 signals that the company is likely to be a manipulator.


Aflac Business Description

Aflac logo
Industry
Financial Services » Insurance NAICS : 524114 SIC : 6321
Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
1932 Wynnton Road, Columbus, GA, USA, 31999
Aflac Inc offers supplemental health insurance and life insurance in the two largest insurance markets in the world, the U.S. and Japan. In addition to its cancer policies, the company has broadened its product offerings to include accidents, disability, and long-term-care insurance. It markets its products through independent distributors, selling most of its policies directly to consumers at their places of work.
Executives
Williams Richard Jr officer: Executive V.P. 1932 WYNNTON RD COLUMBUS GA 31999
Lake Charles D Ii officer: Chairman & Rep. Director, ALIJ AFLAC INC 1932 WYNNTON RD COLUMBUS GA 31999
Lloyd Karole director 1932 WYNNTON ROAD COLUMBUS GA 31999
Crawford Frederick John officer: President & COO AFLAC INCORPORATED COLUMBUS 2Q 31999
Tillman Audrey B officer: Executive Vice President 1932 WYNNTON RD COLUMBUS GA 31999
Beaver Steven Kent officer: SVP, CFO, Aflac US 1932 WYNNTON ROAD COLUMBUS 2Q 31999
Broden Max officer: EVP, Chief Financial Officer 1932 WYNNTON RD COLUMBUS GA 31999
Howard June P officer: Sr. Vice President 1932 WYNNTON RD COLUMBUS GA 31999
Kenny Thomas J director FRANKLIN RESOURCES INC 901 MARINERS ISLAND BLVD 6TH FLOOR SAN MATEO CA 94404
Stith Melvin T director 1111 BAY AVENUE, SUITE 501 COLUMBUS GA 31901
Bowers William P director 600 NORTH 18TH STREET BIN 15N-8170 BIRMINGHAM AL 35203
Moskowitz Joseph L director 1932 WYNNTON ROAD COLUMBUS GA 31999
Fukuzawa Toshihiko director 1932 WYNNTON RD COLUMBUS GA 31999
Rohrer Katherine director 1932 WYNNTON RD COLUMBUS GA 31999
Kiser Georgette D. director 1001 PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE, NW WASHINGTON DC 20004-2505

Aflac Headlines

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