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Ciena (CIEN) WACC % :8.93% (As of Jul. 21, 2024)


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What is Ciena WACC %?

As of today (2024-07-21), Ciena's weighted average cost of capital is 8.93%%. Ciena's ROIC % is 5.73% (calculated using TTM income statement data). Ciena earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital. It will destroy value as it grows.

For a comprehensive WACC calculation, please access the WACC Calculator.


Ciena WACC % Historical Data

The historical data trend for Ciena's WACC % can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Ciena WACC % Chart

Ciena Annual Data
Trend Oct14 Oct15 Oct16 Oct17 Oct18 Oct19 Oct20 Oct21 Oct22 Oct23
WACC %
Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 5.54 5.08 6.97 10.24 9.59

Ciena Quarterly Data
Jul19 Oct19 Jan20 Apr20 Jul20 Oct20 Jan21 Apr21 Jul21 Oct21 Jan22 Apr22 Jul22 Oct22 Jan23 Apr23 Jul23 Oct23 Jan24 Apr24
WACC % Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 9.88 9.20 9.59 8.75 9.34

Competitive Comparison of Ciena's WACC %

For the Communication Equipment subindustry, Ciena's WACC %, along with its competitors' market caps and WACC % data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.


Ciena's WACC % Distribution in the Hardware Industry

For the Hardware industry and Technology sector, Ciena's WACC % distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Ciena's WACC % falls into.



Ciena WACC % Calculation

The weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is the rate that a company is expected to pay on average to all its security holders to finance its assets. The WACC is commonly referred to as the firm's cost of capital. Generally speaking, a company's assets are financed by debt and equity. WACC is the average of the costs of these sources of financing, each of which is weighted by its respective use in the given situation. By taking a weighted average, we can see how much interest the company has to pay for every dollar it finances.

WACC=E/(E + D)*Cost of Equity+D/(E + D)*Cost of Debt*(1 - Tax Rate)

1. Weights:
Generally speaking, a company's assets are financed by debt and equity. We need to calculate the weight of equity and the weight of debt.
The market value of equity (E) is also called "Market Cap". As of today, Ciena's market capitalization (E) is $7097.591 Mil.
The market value of debt is typically difficult to calculate, therefore, GuruFocus uses book value of debt (D) to do the calculation. It is simplified by adding the latest one-year quarterly average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation and Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation together. As of Apr. 2024, Ciena's latest one-year quarterly average Book Value of Debt (D) is $1620.1944 Mil.
a) weight of equity = E / (E + D) = 7097.591 / (7097.591 + 1620.1944) = 0.8142
b) weight of debt = D / (E + D) = 1620.1944 / (7097.591 + 1620.1944) = 0.1858

2. Cost of Equity:
GuruFocus uses Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) to calculate the required rate of return. The formula is:
Cost of Equity = Risk-Free Rate of Return + Beta of Asset * (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return)
a) GuruFocus uses 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate as the risk-free rate. It is updated daily. The current risk-free rate is 4.242%. Please go to Economic Indicators page for more information. Please note that we use the 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate of the country/region where the company is headquartered. If the data for that country/region is not available, then we will use the 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate of the United States as default.
b) Beta is the sensitivity of the expected excess asset returns to the expected excess market returns. Ciena's beta is 0.94.
c) (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return) is also called market premium. GuruFocus requires market premium to be 6%.
Cost of Equity = 4.242% + 0.94 * 6% = 9.882%

3. Cost of Debt:
GuruFocus uses latest TTM Interest Expense divided by the latest one-year quarterly average debt to get the simplified cost of debt.
As of Apr. 2024, Ciena's interest expense (positive number) was $95.904 Mil. Its total Book Value of Debt (D) is $1620.1944 Mil.
Cost of Debt = 95.904 / 1620.1944 = 5.9193%.

4. Multiply by one minus TTM Tax Rate:
GuruFocus uses the most recent TTM Tax Expense divided by the most recent TTM Pre-Tax Income to calculate the tax rate. The calculated TTM tax rate is limited to between 0% and 100%. If the calculated tax rate is higher than 100%, it is set to 100%. If the calculated tax rate is less than 0%, it is set to 0%.
The latest calculated TTM Tax Rate = 36.703 / 190.333 = 19.28%.

Ciena's Weighted Average Cost Of Capital (WACC) for Today is calculated as:

WACC=E / (E + D)*Cost of Equity+D / (E + D)*Cost of Debt*(1 - Tax Rate)
=0.8142*9.882%+0.1858*5.9193%*(1 - 19.28%)
=8.93%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Ciena  (NYSE:CIEN) WACC % Explanation

Because it costs money to raise capital. A firm that generates higher ROIC % than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases, whereas a firm that earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital will destroy value as it grows.

As of today, Ciena's weighted average cost of capital is 8.93%%. Ciena's ROIC % is 5.73% (calculated using TTM income statement data). Ciena earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital. It will destroy value as it grows.


Be Aware

1. GuruFocus uses book value of debt (D) to do the calculation. It is simplified by adding latest one-year quarterly average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation and Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation together.
For companies that report quarterly, GuruFocus combines all of the most recent year's quarterly debt data from the beginning of the year to the year-end and calculates the average.
For companies that report semi-annually, GuruFocus combines all of the most recent year's semi-annual debt data from the start of the year to the year-end and calculates the average.
For companies that report annually, GuruFocus combines the beginning and ending annual debt data from the most recent year and then calculates the average.

2. The WACC formula discussed above does not include Preferred Stock. Please adjust if preferred stock is considered.

3. (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return) is also called market premium. GuruFocus requires market premium to be 6%.

4. GuruFocus uses the latest TTM Interest Expense divided by the latest one-year quarterly average debt to get the simplified cost of debt.


Related Terms

Ciena (CIEN) Business Description

Address
7035 Ridge Road, Hanover, MD, USA, 21076
Ciena Corp is a network and technology company. It provides network hardware, software, and services that support the transport, switching, aggregation, service delivery, and management of video, data, and voice traffic on communications networks. It serves various industries such as communication services providers, web-scale providers, cable operators, government, and large enterprises world-wide. The business activities function through Networking Platforms; Platform Software and Services; Blue Planet Automation Software, and Global Services segments. Geographically, its presence is seen in the markets of the United States, Canada, the Caribbean, Latin America, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, the Asia Pacific, Japan, and India. The maximum revenue is generated from Americas.
Executives
David M Rothenstein officer: Sr. VP, General Counsel 7035 RIDGE ROAD, HANOVER MD 21076
Gary B Smith director, officer: President, CEO C/O CIENA CORPORATION, 7035 RIDGE ROAD, HANOVER MD 21076
Brodie Gage officer: SVP Global Products & Supply 2351 ALFRED-NOBEL BLVD, SUITE N-300, SAINT LAURENT A8 H4S 2A9
Dino Diperna officer: SVP Global R&D 385 TERRY FOX DR, OTTAWA A6 K2K OL1
Jason Phipps officer: SVP Global Sales and Marketing 7410 RIDGE RD, HANOVER MD 21076
Joseph Cumello officer: SVP, General Mgr. Blue Planet 7035 RIDGE RD, HANOVER MD 21076
Scott Mcfeely officer: SVP, Networking Platforms 7035 RIDGE RD, HANOVER MD 21076
Mary G Puma director AXCELIS TECHNOLOGIES INC., 108 CHERRY HILL DRIVE, BEVERLY MA 01915
Andrew C Petrik officer: VP, CONTROLLER 7035 RIDGE ROAD, HANOVER MD 21076
Sheela Kosaraju officer: SVP, General Counsel 43-51 WORSHIP ST, LONDON X0 EC2A 2DX
Stephen B Alexander officer: SVP, Chief Technology Officer C/O CIENA CORPORATION, 7035 RIDGE ROAD, HANOVER MD 21076
Rick Hamilton officer: SVP, Software and Services 9500 AMBERGIEN, AUSTIN TX 78729
Moylan James E Jr officer: SVP Finance, CFO CIENA CORPORATION, 7035 RIDGE ROAD, HANOVER MD 21076
Judith M Obrien director 855 MAUDE AVENUE, MOUNTAIN VIEW CA 94043
Thomas Michael Nevens director C/O BORLAND SOFTWARE CORPORATION, 20450 STEVENS CREEK BLVD, SUITE 800, CUPERTINO CA 95014