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Ciena (CIEN) Free Cash Flow : $447 Mil (TTM As of Apr. 2024)


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What is Ciena Free Cash Flow?

Ciena's total free cash flow for the months ended in Apr. 2024 was $42 Mil. Its total free cash flow for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Apr. 2024 was $447 Mil.

Ciena's Free Cash Flow per Share for the months ended in Apr. 2024 was $0.29. Its free cash flow per share for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Apr. 2024 was $3.06.

During the past 3 years, the average Free Cash Flow per Share Growth Rate was -46.00% per year. Please click Growth Rate Calculation Example (GuruFocus) to see how GuruFocus calculates Wal-Mart Stores Inc (WMT)'s revenue growth rate. You can apply the same method to get the Free Cash Flow Growth Rate using Free Cash Flow per Share data.

During the past 13 years, Ciena's highest 3-Year average Free Cash Flow per Share Growth Rate was 432.80% per year. The lowest was -46.00% per year. And the median was 22.50% per year.


Ciena Free Cash Flow Historical Data

The historical data trend for Ciena's Free Cash Flow can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Ciena Free Cash Flow Chart

Ciena Annual Data
Trend Oct14 Oct15 Oct16 Oct17 Oct18 Oct19 Oct20 Oct21 Oct22 Oct23
Free Cash Flow
Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 350.56 410.99 462.10 -258.57 62.14

Ciena Quarterly Data
Jul19 Oct19 Jan20 Apr20 Jul20 Oct20 Jan21 Apr21 Jul21 Oct21 Jan22 Apr22 Jul22 Oct22 Jan23 Apr23 Jul23 Oct23 Jan24 Apr24
Free Cash Flow Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 201.81 -16.70 172.70 249.48 41.57

Ciena Free Cash Flow Calculation

Free Cash Flow is considered one of the most important parameters to measure a company's earnings power by value investors because it is not subject to estimates of Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization (DDA). However, when we look at the Free Cash Flow, we should look from a long term perspective, because any year's Free Cash Flow can be drastically affected by the spending on Property, Plant, & Equipment (PPE) of the business in that year. Over the long term, Free Cash Flow should give pretty good picture on the real earnings power of the company.

Ciena's Free Cash Flow for the fiscal year that ended in Oct. 2023 is calculated as

Free Cash Flow (A: Oct. 2023 )=Cash Flow from Operations+Capital Expenditure
=168.332+-106.197
=62

Ciena's Free Cash Flow for the quarter that ended in Apr. 2024 is calculated as

Free Cash Flow (Q: Apr. 2024 )=Cash Flow from Operations+Capital Expenditure
=58.473+-16.901
=42

Free Cash Flow for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Apr. 2024 adds up the quarterly data reported by the company within the most recent 12 months, which was $447 Mil.

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Ciena  (NYSE:CIEN) Free Cash Flow Explanation

Free Cash Flow is very close to Warren Buffett's definition of Owner's Earnings, except that in Warren Buffett's Owner's Earnings, the spending for Property, Plant, and Equipment is only for maintenance (replacement), while in the Free Cash Flow calculation, the cost of new Property, Plant, and Equipment due to business expansion is also deducted. There, Free Cash Flow is more conservative than Owner's Earnings.

In Don Yacktman's calculation of forward rate of return, he uses Free Cash Flow for the calculation. Yacktman explained the forward rate of return concept in detail in his interview with GuruFocus. Yacktman defines forward rate of return as the normalized free cash flow yield plus real growth plus inflation.

This is what Yacktman said in his March 2012 interview - when the S&P 500 was at 1400:

If the business is stable, this calculation is fairly straightforward. For instance, on the S&P 500 we would normalize earnings. We would then calculate what percentage of those earnings are not reinvested in the underlying businesses and are therefore free. Historically, for the S&P 500, this has been just under 50% of earnings. Currently, we expect the S&P to earn about 70 on a normalized basis, a number which is far below reported earnings due to our adjusting for record high profit margins. $70 X ½ / 1400 gives you a normalized free cash flow yield of approximately 2.5%.

The historical real growth rate of the S&P 500 (companies) is about 1.5%. Assuming an inflation rate of 2.5%, the forward rate of return on an investment in the S&P 500 is about 6.5% today (2.5% free cash flow yield plus 1.5% real growth plus 2.5% inflation).

For the growth part of the Forward Rate of Return calculation, GuruFocus uses the 5-year average growth rate of EBITDA per share as the growth rate, and the growth rate is always capped at 20%. For the Free Cash Flow we use per share data averaged over seven years. The reason we use seven years is because research shows that seven years is the length of the typical business cycle.

Therefore, as of Apr24, Ciena's Forward Rate of Return (Yacktman) % is

Forward Rate of Return (Yacktman) % (Apr24)=Normalized Free Cash Flow/Price+5-Year EBITDA Growth Rate
=1.65790476/46.23+-0.0014
=3.45 %

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Be Aware

Free Cash Flow within a report period can be affected by management's decisions of capital spending. Therefore, it is important to look at long term when it comes to Free Cash Flow.


Ciena Free Cash Flow Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Ciena's Free Cash Flow provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Ciena (CIEN) Business Description

Address
7035 Ridge Road, Hanover, MD, USA, 21076
Ciena Corp is a network and technology company. It provides network hardware, software, and services that support the transport, switching, aggregation, service delivery, and management of video, data, and voice traffic on communications networks. It serves various industries such as communication services providers, web-scale providers, cable operators, government, and large enterprises world-wide. The business activities function through Networking Platforms; Platform Software and Services; Blue Planet Automation Software, and Global Services segments. Geographically, its presence is seen in the markets of the United States, Canada, the Caribbean, Latin America, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, the Asia Pacific, Japan, and India. The maximum revenue is generated from Americas.
Executives
David M Rothenstein officer: Sr. VP, General Counsel 7035 RIDGE ROAD, HANOVER MD 21076
Gary B Smith director, officer: President, CEO C/O CIENA CORPORATION, 7035 RIDGE ROAD, HANOVER MD 21076
Brodie Gage officer: SVP Global Products & Supply 2351 ALFRED-NOBEL BLVD, SUITE N-300, SAINT LAURENT A8 H4S 2A9
Dino Diperna officer: SVP Global R&D 385 TERRY FOX DR, OTTAWA A6 K2K OL1
Jason Phipps officer: SVP Global Sales and Marketing 7410 RIDGE RD, HANOVER MD 21076
Joseph Cumello officer: SVP, General Mgr. Blue Planet 7035 RIDGE RD, HANOVER MD 21076
Scott Mcfeely officer: SVP, Networking Platforms 7035 RIDGE RD, HANOVER MD 21076
Mary G Puma director AXCELIS TECHNOLOGIES INC., 108 CHERRY HILL DRIVE, BEVERLY MA 01915
Andrew C Petrik officer: VP, CONTROLLER 7035 RIDGE ROAD, HANOVER MD 21076
Sheela Kosaraju officer: SVP, General Counsel 43-51 WORSHIP ST, LONDON X0 EC2A 2DX
Stephen B Alexander officer: SVP, Chief Technology Officer C/O CIENA CORPORATION, 7035 RIDGE ROAD, HANOVER MD 21076
Rick Hamilton officer: SVP, Software and Services 9500 AMBERGIEN, AUSTIN TX 78729
Moylan James E Jr officer: SVP Finance, CFO CIENA CORPORATION, 7035 RIDGE ROAD, HANOVER MD 21076
Judith M Obrien director 855 MAUDE AVENUE, MOUNTAIN VIEW CA 94043
Thomas Michael Nevens director C/O BORLAND SOFTWARE CORPORATION, 20450 STEVENS CREEK BLVD, SUITE 800, CUPERTINO CA 95014