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Forrester Research (Forrester Research) EBITDA

: $41.4 Mil (TTM As of Dec. 2023)
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Forrester Research's EBITDA for the three months ended in Dec. 2023 was $6.8 Mil. Its EBITDA for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2023 was $41.4 Mil.

During the past 12 months, the average EBITDA Growth Rate of Forrester Research was -40.90% per year. During the past 3 years, the average EBITDA Growth Rate was -12.20% per year. During the past 5 years, the average EBITDA Growth Rate was 8.60% per year. During the past 10 years, the average EBITDA Growth Rate was 7.00% per year. Please click Growth Rate Calculation Example (GuruFocus) to see how GuruFocus calculates Wal-Mart Stores Inc (WMT)'s revenue growth rate. You can apply the same method to get the EBITDA Growth Rate using EBITDA data.

During the past 13 years, the highest 3-Year average EBITDA Growth Rate of Forrester Research was 78.80% per year. The lowest was -17.00% per year. And the median was 5.20% per year.

Forrester Research's EBITDA per Share for the three months ended in Dec. 2023 was $0.35. Its EBITDA per share for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2023 was $2.15.

During the past 12 months, the average EBITDA per Share Growth Rate of Forrester Research was -41.20% per year. During the past 3 years, the average EBITDA per Share Growth Rate was -12.70% per year. During the past 5 years, the average EBITDA per Share Growth Rate was 7.50% per year. During the past 10 years, the average EBITDA per Share Growth Rate was 7.20% per year. Please click Growth Rate Calculation Example (GuruFocus) to see how GuruFocus calculates Wal-Mart Stores Inc (WMT)'s revenue growth rate. You can apply the same method to get the EBITDA per share growth rate using EBITDA per Share data.

During the past 13 years, the highest 3-Year average EBITDA per Share Growth Rate of Forrester Research was 46.30% per year. The lowest was -15.10% per year. And the median was 8.40% per year.


Forrester Research EBITDA Historical Data

The historical data trend for Forrester Research's EBITDA can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Forrester Research Annual Data
Trend Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21 Dec22 Dec23
EBITDA
Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 42.24 61.23 73.35 70.13 41.41

Forrester Research Quarterly Data
Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22 Sep22 Dec22 Mar23 Jun23 Sep23 Dec23
EBITDA Get a 7-Day Free Trial Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 8.58 3.47 17.87 13.33 6.75

Competitive Comparison

For the Consulting Services subindustry, Forrester Research's EV-to-EBITDA, along with its competitors' market caps and EV-to-EBITDA data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.


Forrester Research EV-to-EBITDA Distribution

For the Business Services industry and Industrials sector, Forrester Research's EV-to-EBITDA distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Forrester Research's EV-to-EBITDA falls into.


Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA) is what the company earns before it expenses interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization.

Forrester Research's EBITDA for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2023 is calculated as

Forrester Research's EBITDA was directly provided by GuruFocus' data source Morningstar. For the fiscal year ended in Dec. 2023, Forrester Research's EBITDA was $41.4 Mil.

Forrester Research's EBITDA for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2023 is calculated as

Forrester Research's EBITDA was directly provided by GuruFocus' data source Morningstar. For the quarter ended in Dec. 2023, Forrester Research's EBITDA was $6.8 Mil.

EBITDA for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2023 adds up the quarterly data reported by the company within the most recent 12 months, which was $41.4 Mil.

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

Sometimes companies may have already deducted Depreciation and Amortization from Gross Profit. In this case Depreciation and Amortization needs to be added back when calculating EBITDA.

Forrester Research  (NAS:FORR) EBITDA Explanation

EBITDA is a cash flow measure that ignores changes in working capital. EBITDA minus Depreciation, and Amortization (DA) equals Operating Income. Operating Income is profit before interest and taxes. Of course, Interest and taxes need to be paid.

While depreciation and amortization expenses do not need to be paid in cash, assets - especially tangible assets - do need to be replaced over time. EBITDA is not a measure of profit in any sense. EBITDA is a measure of cash generation by a business where the uses of that cash may be more or less discretionary depending on the nature of the business.

The EBITDA of a TV station is largely discretionary. Owners may use much of the EBITDA generated by a TV station as they see fit. The EBITDA of a railroad is largely non-discretionary. Owners must use much of the EBITDA generated by a railroad to replace the physical assets of the railroad or the business will literally fall apart over time.

EBITDA can be thought of as the cash a business generates that is available to:

Add more inventory
Add more receivables
Replace property, plant, and equipment
Add more property, plant, and equipment
Pay interest
Pay taxes
And finally: pay owners

EBITDA is widely used in financial analysis because Depreciation and Amortization are not present day cash expenses.. Depreciation and amortization are the spreading out of the costs of assets over the time in which those assets provide benefits. Today's depreciation and amortization expenses relate to assets bought in the past. The assets being expensed may or may not need to be replaced in the future. And the cost to replace the assets may be more or less than it was in the past. For this reason, the depreciation and amortization expenses a company records in the present year may have no relationship to the actual cash costs needed to maintain its assets in future years.

A company's depreciation expense depends on both its expectations about the assets it owns and its choice of accounting methods. Two companies owning identical assets may have different depreciation expenses because they have different expectations about the useful lives of those assets and because they make different accounting choices.

Analysts use EBITDA to remove this element of personal choice from a company's accounting statements. The use of EBITDA is an attempt to make the results of different companies more comparable and uniform.


Be Aware

Although depreciation is not a cash cost it is a real business cost because the company has to pay for the fixed assets when they purchase them. Both Warren Buffett and Charlie Munger hate the idea of EBITDA because in this calculation, depreciation is not counted as an expense.

EBITDA over Revenue is a good metric for comparing the operating efficiencies between companies because EBITDA is less vulnerable to companies' accounting choices. For this reason, EBITDA is used in ranking the Predictability of Companies. Also Price-to-EBITDA is sometimes used in valuations.


Forrester Research EBITDA Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Forrester Research's EBITDA provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Forrester Research (Forrester Research) Business Description

Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
60 Acorn Park Drive, Cambridge, MA, USA, 02140
Forrester Research Inc is a United States-based company that provides independent research, data, and advisory services. It operates through the following segments: The Research segment develops and delivers research, connect, and analytics products; The consulting segment includes the revenues and the related costs of the company's consulting organization, and the Events segment is engaged in developing and hosting in-person and virtual events.
Executives
Steven P. Peltzman officer: CBTO C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, INC., 60 ACORN PARK DRIVE, CAMBRIDGE MA 02140
Scott Chouinard officer: Chief Accounting Officer C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, INC., 400 TECHNOLOGY SQUARE, CAMBRIDGE MA 02139
Carrie Johnson officer: Chief Research Officer C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, INC., 60 ACORN PARK DRIVE, CAMBRIDGE MA 02140
Ryan Darrah officer: Chief Legal Officer C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, INC., 60 ACORN PARK DRIVE, CAMBRIDGE MA 02140
Anthony J Friscia director C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, INC., 60 ACORN PARK DRIVE, CAMBRIDGE MA 02140
Robert Galford director C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, 400 TECHNOLOGY SQUARE, CAMBRIDGE MA 02139
Alicia Lee officer: Chief Consulting Officer C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, INC., 60 ACORN PARK DRIVE, CAMBRIDGE MA 02140
Kelley Hippler officer: Chief Sales Officer C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, INC., 60 ACORN PARK DR., CAMBRIDGE MA 02140
David Boyce director C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, INC., 60 ACORN PARK DRIVE, CAMBRIDGE MA 02140
Roy Sarah Le officer: Chief People Officer C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, INC., 60 ACORN PARK DRIVE, CAMBRIDGE MA 02140
Warren N Romine director 7325 16TH STREET NW, WASHINGTON DC 20012
Sharyn Leaver officer: Chief Research Officer C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, INC., 60 ACORN PARK DRIVE, CAMBRIDGE MA 02140
Nathaniel Swan officer: Chief Sales Officer C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, INC., 60 ACORN PARK DRIVE, CAMBRIDGE MA 02140
George F Colony director, 10 percent owner, officer: Chairman & CEO C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH INC, 1033 MASSACHUSETTS AVE, CAMBRIDGE MA 02138
Gretchen Teichgraeber director C/O FORRESTER RESEARCH, 400 TECHNOLOGY SQUARE, CAMBRIDGE MA 02139