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Progressive Graham Number

: USD28.26 (As of Jun. 2022)
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Graham Number is a figure that measures a stock's fundamental value by taking into account the company's earnings per share and book value per share. The Graham number is the upper bound of the price range that a defensive investor should pay for the stock. According to the theory, any stock price below the Graham number is considered undervalued, and thus worth investing in.

As of today (2022-08-18), the stock price of Progressive is USD128.185. Progressive's graham number for the quarter that ended in Jun. 2022 was USD28.26. Therefore, Progressive's Price to Graham Number ratio for today is 4.54.

The historical rank and industry rank for Progressive's Graham Number or its related term are showing as below:

PGR' s Price-to-Graham-Number Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 0.65   Med: 1.33   Max: 17.95
Current: 4.5

During the past 13 years, the highest Price to Graham Number ratio of Progressive was 17.95. The lowest was 0.65. And the median was 1.33.

PGR's Price-to-Graham-Number is ranked worse than
96% of 375 companies
in the Insurance industry
Industry Median: 0.85 vs PGR: 4.50

Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation. It is a very conservative way of valuing a stock.


Progressive Graham Number Historical Data

The historical data trend for Progressive's Graham Number can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Progressive Annual Data
Trend Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21
Graham Number
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 29.84 40.42 56.85 76.90 61.17

Progressive Quarterly Data
Sep17 Dec17 Mar18 Jun18 Sep18 Dec18 Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22
Graham Number Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 79.25 68.06 61.22 47.60 28.26

Competitive Comparison

For the Insurance - Property & Casualty subindustry, Progressive's Graham Number, along with its competitors' market caps and Graham Number data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.

   

Progressive Graham Number Distribution

For the Insurance industry and Financial Services sector, Progressive's Graham Number distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Progressive's Graham Number falls into.



Progressive Graham Number Calculation

Graham Number is a concept based on Ben Graham's conservative valuation of companies.

Progressive's Graham Number for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2021 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5* Tangible Book per Share *EPS without NRI)
=sqrt of (22.5*29.377*5.66)
=61.17

Progressive's Graham Number for the quarter that ended in Jun. 2022 is calculated as

Graham Number
=sqrt of (22.5*Tangible Book per Share*EPS without NRI (TTM))
=sqrt of (22.5*25.361*1.4)
=28.26

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Progressive  (NYSE:PGR) Graham Number Explanation

Ben Graham actually did not publish a formula like this. But he wrote in The Intelligent Investor (1948 version) regarding to the criteria for purchases:

Current price should not be more than 15 times average earnings of the past three years.

Current price should not be more than 1.5 times the book value last reported. However, a multiplier of earnings below 15 could justify a correspondingly higher multiplier of assets. As a rule of thumb we suggest that the product of the multiplier times the ratio of price to book value should not exceed 22.5. (This figure corresponds to 15 times earnings and 1.5 times book value. It would admit an issue selling at only 9 times earnings and 2.5 times asset value, etc.)

Unlike valuation methods such as DCF or Discounted Earnings, the Graham number does not take growth into the valuation. Unlike the valuation methods based on book value alone, it takes into account the earnings power. Therefore, the Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation.

In general, the Graham number is a very conservative way of valuing a stock. It cannot be applied to companies with negative book values.

Progressive's Price to Graham number Ratio for today is calculated as

Price to Graham number=Share Price (Today)/Graham number (Q: Jun. 2022 )
=128.185/28.26
=4.54

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Be Aware

Please keep these in mind:

1. Graham Number does not take growth into account. Therefore it underestimates the values of the companies that have good earnings growth. We feel that if the earnings per share grows more than 10% a year, Graham Number underestimates the value.
2. Graham Number punishes the companies that have temporarily low earnings. Therefore, an average of earnings makes more sense in the calculation of Graham Number.
3. Graham Numbers underestimates companies that are light with book.


Progressive Graham Number Related Terms

Thank you for viewing the detailed overview of Progressive's Graham Number provided by GuruFocus.com. Please click on the following links to see related term pages.


Progressive Business Description

Progressive logo
Address
6300 Wilson Mills Road, Mayfield Village, OH, USA, 44143
Progressive underwrites private and commercial auto insurance and specialty lines; it has over 20 million personal auto policies in force and is the fourth- largest auto insurer in the United States. Progressive markets its policies through independent insurance agencies in the U.S. and Canada and directly via the internet and telephone. Its premiums are split roughly equally between the agent and the direct channel. The company also offers commercial auto policies and entered homeowners insurance through an acquisition in 2015.
Executives
Craig Pamela director C/O ACCENTURE 161 N CLARK STREET CHICAGO IL 60601
Clawson William L. Ii officer: Chief Human Resources Officer C/O THE PROGRESSIVE CORPORATION 6300 WILSON MILLS ROAD MAYFIELD VILLAGE OH 44143
Kent Remi officer: Chief Marketing Officer 6300 WILSON MILLS ROAD MAYFIELD VILLAGE OH 44143
Bauer Jonathan S. officer: Chief Investment Officer 6300 WILSON MILLS ROAD MAYFIELD VILLAGE OH 44143
Marshall Mariann Wojtkun officer: Chief Accounting Officer C/O THE PROGRESSIVE CORPORATION 6300 WILSON MILLS RD. MAYFIELD VILLAGE OH 44143
Tighe Jan E director C/O GOLDMAN SACHS & CO. LLC 200 WEST STREET NEW YORK NY 10282
Snyder Barbara R director 127 PUBLIC SQUARE CLEVELAND OH 44114
Quigg Andrew J officer: Chief Strategy Officer C/O THE PROGRESSIVE CORPORATION 6300 WILSON MILLS ROAD MAYFIELD VILLAGE OH 44143
Bleser Philip director 8760 CLAY ROAD SUITE 100 HOUSTON TX 77494
Broz Steven officer: Chief Information Officer C/O THE PROGRESSIVE CORPORATION 6300 WILSON MILLS ROAD MAYFIELD VILLAGE OH 44143
Niederst Lori A officer: CRM President C/O THE PROGRESSIVE CORPORATION 6300 WILSON MILLS ROAD MAYFIELD VILLAGE OH 44143
Bailo Karen officer: Commercial Lines President 6300 WILSON MILLS ROAD MAYFIELD VILLAGE OH 44143
Mascaro Daniel P officer: Vice Pres, Secretary and CLO C/O THE PROGRESSIVE CORPORATION 6300 WILSON MILLS ROAD MAYFIELD VILLAGE OH 44143
Murphy John Jo officer: Claims President C/O THE PROGRESSIVE CORPORATION 6300 WILSON MILLS ROAD MAYFIELD VILLAGE OH 44143
Callahan Patrick K officer: Personal Lines President C/O THE PROGRESSIVE CORPORATION 6300 WILSON MILLS ROAD MAYFIELD VILLAGE OH 44143

Progressive Headlines

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