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Safety Insurance Group (NAS:SAFT) WACC %

:5.45% (As of Today)
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As of today (2024-04-14), Safety Insurance Group's weighted average cost of capital is 5.45%%. Safety Insurance Group's ROIC % is 1.01% (calculated using TTM income statement data). Safety Insurance Group earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital. It will destroy value as it grows.

For a comprehensive WACC calculation, please access the WACC Calculator.


Safety Insurance Group WACC % Historical Data

The historical data trend for Safety Insurance Group's WACC % can be seen below:

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.

* Premium members only.

Safety Insurance Group Annual Data
Trend Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Dec17 Dec18 Dec19 Dec20 Dec21 Dec22 Dec23
WACC %
Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 5.33 2.46 2.69 4.95 5.12

Safety Insurance Group Quarterly Data
Mar19 Jun19 Sep19 Dec19 Mar20 Jun20 Sep20 Dec20 Mar21 Jun21 Sep21 Dec21 Mar22 Jun22 Sep22 Dec22 Mar23 Jun23 Sep23 Dec23
WACC % Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only Premium Member Only 4.95 4.66 5.26 6.11 5.12

Competitive Comparison

For the Insurance - Property & Casualty subindustry, Safety Insurance Group's WACC %, along with its competitors' market caps and WACC % data, can be viewed below:

* Competitive companies are chosen from companies within the same industry, with headquarter located in same country, with closest market capitalization; x-axis shows the market cap, and y-axis shows the term value; the bigger the dot, the larger the market cap. Note that "N/A" values will not show up in the chart.


Safety Insurance Group WACC % Distribution

For the Insurance industry and Financial Services sector, Safety Insurance Group's WACC % distribution charts can be found below:

* The bar in red indicates where Safety Insurance Group's WACC % falls into.



Safety Insurance Group WACC % Calculation

The weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is the rate that a company is expected to pay on average to all its security holders to finance its assets. The WACC is commonly referred to as the firm's cost of capital. Generally speaking, a company's assets are financed by debt and equity. WACC is the average of the costs of these sources of financing, each of which is weighted by its respective use in the given situation. By taking a weighted average, we can see how much interest the company has to pay for every dollar it finances.

WACC=E/(E + D)*Cost of Equity+D/(E + D)*Cost of Debt*(1 - Tax Rate)

1. Weights:
Generally speaking, a company's assets are financed by debt and equity. We need to calculate the weight of equity and the weight of debt.
The market value of equity (E) is also called "Market Cap". As of today, Safety Insurance Group's market capitalization (E) is $1159.930 Mil.
The market value of debt is typically difficult to calculate, therefore, GuruFocus uses book value of debt (D) to do the calculation. It is simplified by adding the latest one-year quarterly average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation and Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation together. As of Dec. 2023, Safety Insurance Group's latest one-year quarterly average Book Value of Debt (D) is $56.5252 Mil.
a) weight of equity = E / (E + D) = 1159.930 / (1159.930 + 56.5252) = 0.9535
b) weight of debt = D / (E + D) = 56.5252 / (1159.930 + 56.5252) = 0.0465

2. Cost of Equity:
GuruFocus uses Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) to calculate the required rate of return. The formula is:
Cost of Equity = Risk-Free Rate of Return + Beta of Asset * (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return)
a) GuruFocus uses 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate as the risk-free rate. It is updated daily. The current risk-free rate is 4.518%. Please go to Economic Indicators page for more information. Please note that we use the 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate of the country/region where the company is headquartered. If the data for that country/region is not available, then we will use the 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate of the United States as default.
b) Beta is the sensitivity of the expected excess asset returns to the expected excess market returns. Safety Insurance Group's beta is 0.19.
c) (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return) is also called market premium. GuruFocus requires market premium to be 6%.
Cost of Equity = 4.518% + 0.19 * 6% = 5.658%

3. Cost of Debt:
GuruFocus uses latest TTM Interest Expense divided by the latest one-year quarterly average debt to get the simplified cost of debt.
As of Dec. 2023, Safety Insurance Group's interest expense (positive number) was $0.818 Mil. Its total Book Value of Debt (D) is $56.5252 Mil.
Cost of Debt = 0.818 / 56.5252 = 1.4471%.

4. Multiply by one minus TTM Tax Rate:
GuruFocus uses the most recent TTM Tax Expense divided by the most recent TTM Pre-Tax Income to calculate the tax rate. The calculated TTM tax rate is limited to between 0% and 100%. If the calculated tax rate is higher than 100%, it is set to 100%. If the calculated tax rate is less than 0%, it is set to 0%.
The latest calculated TTM Tax Rate = 5.545 / 24.42 = 22.71%.

Safety Insurance Group's Weighted Average Cost Of Capital (WACC) for Today is calculated as:

WACC=E / (E + D)*Cost of Equity+D / (E + D)*Cost of Debt*(1 - Tax Rate)
=0.9535*5.658%+0.0465*1.4471%*(1 - 22.71%)
=5.45%

* For Operating Data section: All numbers are indicated by the unit behind each term and all currency related amount are in USD.
* For other sections: All numbers are in millions except for per share data, ratio, and percentage. All currency related amount are indicated in the company's associated stock exchange currency.


Safety Insurance Group  (NAS:SAFT) WACC % Explanation

Because it costs money to raise capital. A firm that generates higher ROIC % than it costs the company to raise the capital needed for that investment is earning excess returns. A firm that expects to continue generating positive excess returns on new investments in the future will see its value increase as growth increases, whereas a firm that earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital will destroy value as it grows.

As of today, Safety Insurance Group's weighted average cost of capital is 5.45%%. Safety Insurance Group's ROIC % is 1.01% (calculated using TTM income statement data). Safety Insurance Group earns returns that do not match up to its cost of capital. It will destroy value as it grows.


Be Aware

1. GuruFocus uses book value of debt (D) to do the calculation. It is simplified by adding latest one-year quarterly average Short-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation and Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation together.
For companies that report quarterly, GuruFocus combines all of the most recent year's quarterly debt data from the beginning of the year to the year-end and calculates the average.
For companies that report semi-annually, GuruFocus combines all of the most recent year's semi-annual debt data from the start of the year to the year-end and calculates the average.
For companies that report annually, GuruFocus combines the beginning and ending annual debt data from the most recent year and then calculates the average.

2. The WACC formula discussed above does not include Preferred Stock. Please adjust if preferred stock is considered.

3. (Expected Return of the Market - Risk-Free Rate of Return) is also called market premium. GuruFocus requires market premium to be 6%.

4. GuruFocus uses the latest TTM Interest Expense divided by the latest one-year quarterly average debt to get the simplified cost of debt.


Related Terms

Safety Insurance Group (NAS:SAFT) Business Description

Traded in Other Exchanges
Address
20 Custom House Street, Boston, MA, USA, 02110
Safety Insurance Group Inc is a provider of private passenger automobile insurance in Massachusetts. The company also offers property and casualty insurance products, including commercial automobiles, homeowners, dwelling fire, umbrella, and business owner policies. It operates in the business segment of Property and casualty insurance operations.
Executives
Glenn Hiltpold officer: VP of Actuarial Services 20 CUSTOM HOUSE STREET, BOSTON MA 02110
Brophy Charles Joseph Iii director 20 CUSTOM HOUSE STREET, BOSTON MA 02110
Dennis J. Langwell director C/O LIBERTY MUTUAL GROUP, 175 BERKELEY STREET, BOSTON MA 02116
Srb Corp 10 percent owner 695 ATLANTIC AVENUE, BOSTON MA 02111
Peter J Manning director FLEETBOSTON FINANCIAL CORP, 100 FEDERAL STREET, BOSTON MA 02110
Christopher Thomas Whitford officer: VP, CFO and Secretary 20 CUSTOM HOUSE STREET, BOSTON MA 02110
Stephen Albert Varga officer: VP - MIS 20 CUSTOM HOUSE STREET, BOSTON MA 02110
James Berry officer: VP - Insurance Operations C/O SAFETY INSURANCE, 20 CUSTOM HOUSE STREET, BOSTON MA 02110
Farina John Daniel Jr. director 20 CUSTOM HOUSE ST, BOSTON MA 02110
Deborah E Gray director 20 CUSTOM HOUSE STREET, BOSTON MA 02110
Frederic H Lindeberg director C/O SAFETY INSURANCE GROUP, INC., 20 CUSTOM HOUSE STREET, BOSTON MA 02110
Ann Marie Mckeown officer: V.P Insurance Operations 20 CUSTOM HOUSE STREET, BOSTON MA 02110
Moran Mary Coffey director DANVERS BANCORP, INC., ONE CONANT STREET, DANVERS MA 01923
David E Krupa officer: VP - Property Claims
David D Mckown director